What is Responsive Web Design? How to make a responsive website design using Html and CSS?

Responsive website designing refers to a layout of the webpage that is user and device-friendly. In the dinosaur era, Web developers used to design a website to suit the appearance of a big screen. But fast-forward to today, the websites adapt to the different sizes of devices through RWD. Responsive web design provides mobility and exposure to businesses by adding fluidity and elasticity to the websites.

responsive web design

With the coming-of-age technology more and more people have moved to pocket-sized devices as it is more compatible and user-friendly. The “in-hand” feeling gives more authority, access, and security to the users. Ergo, it has added a whole new concept of ‘on the go’ tech. And so, the website developers write codes that could simplify the experience of the users and keep them engaged.

How does a website adapt to different devices?

A website performs this function through HTML and CSS. The usability of a website depends upon its ability to change the resolution, and they rely on proportion-based grids. Moreover, it is interesting to know that web developers design a website using the concept of water as water takes the shape of an object in which it is placed. Likewise, when we create a web page, with the help of CSS and HTML codes, we make the website fit in the desired screens resolution. The content, design, and performance adapt to the environment as if it belongs there.

What is HTML and CSS?

Hypertext Markup Language draws the structure of the website with a markup language. The codes define headings, images, videos, paragraphs, and other media inputs. On the other hand, Cascading Style Sheets is more about the style and aesthetics of the website that includes fonts, colors, and text alignment. Both HTML and CSS are interdependent and essential for building any website on the internet. Perhaps, look at it as a personal design on illustrator or canvas because it will help understand the bigger picture.

A design has a form and structure, which is HTML broadly, and the CSS is the aesthetics you use to add texture and perspective to the plan. Therefore, the elements of an Html and CSS code make the website responsive and user-friendly.

How do we use Html in web design?

Html allows us to write an outline of our webpage. It defines codes that, in response, design a structure for the clean placement of texts and media. Perhaps, this is the first step towards building a responsive website design.

But how do we start? To understand this, we should look at two more words in our tech journal, i.e., tags and attributes. Tags are codes that mark the start of an Html element. for ex: <h1>

Most tags are opened <h1> and closed </h1> in order to function properly.

Attributes give an additional information about the opening tags. for ex: <img src=”mycat.jpg” alt=”Me cuddling with my cat.”>. In this example, the image source (src) and the alt text (alt) are attributes of the <img> tag.

How to write an Html page for responsive web design ?

A HTML code is written in HTML editor. There are various HTML editors that you can use to create your first webpage but do not use Microsoft Word or any other word processor for this task. Nonetheless, the first step is to specify the language we will work with for our website design. For example: <!DOCTYPE html> – we will use HTML 5 which is also the latest version.

Then we go on to specify other tags like heading, body, title. For example:

<html> — This tag signals that we will write in HTML code from here on.

<head> — for giving metadata for the page.

<body> — For the content of the page.

The head tag also encapsulates the title tag. In the title tag, we give a proper page name that will appear in the browser tab, and hence it is an important tag. Then the meta tag stores all the page information like character encoding, name (page context), description.

However, many other tags are as important as the above-listed ones. Anchor tags- which help add links in a webpage, image tag, underline text tag, making a text bold, shrinking table labels, etc. are a few of them. It is not easy to list everything here in one paragraph. Therefore, our web designers do it for us.

responsive web design using html
HTML page

What is the role of CSS in a responsive web design?

Cascading Style Sheets is prepared to bring flexibility in a webpage design and presentation. A web design uses different colors, fonts, alignment to make the webpage attractive. CSS associates specific rules to HTML that allow a website to create multiple styling sheets for other devices. Our web designers’ codes in CSS are combined with HTML code to deliver a responsive website design to the end-user. The content is not hampered because we have a separate file for the style format. Only the appearance is modified as per the screen’s width.

The CSS codes contain selector and declaration signals. Inside the declaration we put property and its value to give an attribute to a text. for ex: h1 { color: orange ; font-size: 3 -px;}

h1– selector

{color: orange; font-size -3px;} – declaration

color and font-size – property

orange and 3px – value

The style format is saved in external .css files. And so, it is easy to change the look of an entire webpage by removing just one file.

What are the advantages of a Responsive Web Design ?

In the recent mid-2000s, the idea of responsive web took us by storm, thereby emphasizing the websites’ productivity, satisfaction, and usability. Now, just a short Html code with CSS layout has made the task easy. And now, everyone is optimizing their websites for enhanced results and broader reach.

A website loads quickly without any hassle between the content and the style format in response to the efficient codes. We understand that apart from the website, other essential areas demand our time and focus. So, one obedient website will lessen the workload to a great extent. Therefore, with the remarkable comfort that the responsive website offers, more work can be done sitting in the metro, cafe, or bathroom. And of course, the internet speed matters!

Secondly, responsive design generates more traffic, specifically through mobile users. The total number of unique mobile users worldwide grew by 97 million in the past 12 months. This whopping increase in the number of users is jaw-dropping evidence of how mobile users are redefining the responsive website designing process. With such colossal traffic and other benefits like high conversions, lower bounce rates, and most importantly, a satisfied customer is a win-win situation.

Third, the HTML and CSS codebase is written once for all the devices. There is no need for any extra maintenance cost over one design. The maintenance cost is minimal compared to juggling two to three code scripts simultaneously for the same design. Moreover, we will save time, energy, and money to be put where it is necessary. Therefore, the benefits of a responsive web layout help us optimize our time and results.

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